DETROIT -- Fiat Chrysler Automobiles said on Tuesday it will invest $4.5 billion (all figures USD) in five plants to build new models of Jeeps, hoping to bolster the brand so it can compete more effectively in the lucrative market for large SUVs and crossovers currently dominated by General Motors and Ford Motor Co.
The plants will also create 6,500 jobs in Michigan, Fiat Chrysler said in an announcement, around three months after GM announced it would not allocate new products to five plants in North America that mostly produce less-popular sedan models. GM workers and political officials including U.S. President Donald Trump have blasted GM for the decision which is likely to close those plants.
FCA's plans include turning an engine plant in Detroit into an assembly plant. Plans for the long-idled Mack II engine plans began to leak out in December.
The moves also come at a time when the U.S. market looks set to decline, with 2019 industry-wide new vehicle sales expected to fall below the level of 2018.
But FCA CEO Mike Manley said in a conference call with reporters that the company's investments are focused on SUVs, an area "forecasted to continue to grow."
He added that 60 per cent of SUV sales are for three-row models "and we don't have a three-row offering... and this is a segment that I've been very interested in for some time."
The full-size SUV segment is dominated by GM's Chevrolet Suburban, GMC Yukon and Cadillac Escalade, which had about double the sales of Ford's Ford Expedition and Lincoln Navigator in 2018.
In addition to reviving the Mack II engine plant, FCA's plans include turning an engine plant in Detroit into an assembly plant. The company has also reversed a decision to shift production of heavy-duty trucks from Mexico to Michigan in 2020, freeing up the Michigan facility to produce Jeep models.
"I look at today’s investment as a reward for the efforts of our membership and a show of confidence that the members of the UAW are the best auto workers in the world," UAW Vice President Cindy Estrada said in a statement.
HYBRIDS AND EVS
The automaker said the plans included investments to enable three Michigan plants to produce hybrid and fully electric Jeep models. Manley said those hybrid models or electric models could be available as soon as late 2021, but will be rolled out based on consumer demand.
FCA plans to start construction on the $1.5 billion Detroit facility in the third quarter of 2019 and to start production of a new three-row SUV by the end of 2020, followed by a revamped version of the Grand Cherokee in the first half of 2021.
FCA said the city of Detroit has 60 days to follow through on the agreed acquisition of land for the new plant.
The automaker will also start production of its Wagoneer model and the Grand Wagoneer, a new three-row luxury SUV, at a plant in Warren in the first half of 2021. Early last year, FCA had said it would move heavy-duty truck production to that plant, but it will now remain in the company's Saltillo, Mexico, plant.
FCA will invest $1.5 billion in the Warren plant -- up from a previous amount of $725 million that automaker had not publicly disclosed.
The plans also include a $900 million investment to modernize and retool another Detroit plant to make the Dodge Durango and the Jeep Grand Cherokee.