The pace of supplier mergers and acquisitions could soon pick up as companies attempt to reposition themselves for the electric vehicle era and as private equity firms seek to put hundreds of billions of dollars in available capital to work.
As more battery-electric vehicle programs launch, suppliers have the opportunity to "rethink everything" about their businesses, from production, to service portfolios to their manufacturing processes, said Ellen Clark, co-lead of Plante & Moran Corporate Finance's industrials team.
As part of that process, many companies are likely to turn to mergers, acquisitions or strategic alliances to bring on new capabilities, different products or new talent.
"This isn't a situation where they can sit back and wait for the OEMs to tell them what to do," Clark said. "They need to be proactive on this."
Supplier M&A activity declined in 2022 after a red-hot 2021 that was spurred by pent-up new-vehicle demand at the beginning of the pandemic, Plante Moran said, although specific data wasn't available. Overall M&A activity in the United States fell 18 per cent last year to 15,670 deals, a figure more in line with the market from before 2020, the company said.
Several notable deals came to fruition in 2022 or closed over the course of the year. In September, software supplier Aptiv paid $600 million (all figures in USD) to acquire Italian battery cell technology provider Intercable Automotive Solutions. The move was geared toward strengthening Aptiv's position as a BEV systems supplier.
In December, Aptiv closed on a $3.5 billion purchase of software provider Wind River, which it had announced about a year earlier. As Aptiv integrates its acquisitions, it remains open to more deals, CFO Joe Massaro said on a February earnings call.
The supplier plans to "execute our M&A strategy and focus on transactions that enhance our scalability across both the brain and nervous system of the vehicle, accelerate our speed to market with relevant technologies, and access new markets," he said.
Likewise, Canadian supplier giant Magna International Inc. moved in December to buy Veoneer Active Safety for $1.53 billion to boost its advanced driver-assistance systems capabilities as the market for those components takes off.
"Just bringing the two teams together with that manufacturing expertise is going to be very advantageous," Magna CEO Swamy Kotagiri said during a late-year news conference about the deal.